Adenomatous Polyp

Adenomatous polyps are benign growths on the lining of the colon or large intesting.  Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in men and women.  Adenomatous colon polyps, although benign by definition, are the most common cause of colorectal cancer.  Every person is always at risk for colorectal cancer and colon adenomatous polyps but those over 50 are at the highest risk.  Also, those that display the following risk factors exhibit are more prone to polyps adenomatous: obesity, smoking, crohn’s disease, a diet high in fat and low in fiber, and a personal or family history of polyps.

The most common symptoms of the polyps is irregular bowel movements including dhiarhea or constipation, rectal bleeding, dark patches of blood in the stool, and long thing stools.  If one does experience rectal bleeding, it is best not to assume that they are hemorhoids and to let your doctor screen you for polyps and colorectal cancer. As the early stages of colorectal cancer and adenomatous colon polyps rarely exhibit any symptoms at all, regular screenings by your doctor are necessary to catch the polyps early enough to avoid any significant damage or advancement of the possible cancer.

Doctors can turn to a couple of different types of imaging technology to screen for the polyps including a colon x-ray or colonography.  A colon x-ray is, also known as a lower GI, requires the patient to swallow barium so the doctors can see the outline of the colon wall as the chemical passes through the system.  Colonography is a CT scan (CT standing for computed tomography) of the colon.  This method although preferred due to being the least invasive, is still used less frequently than a colonoscopy as smaller polyps can be missed.  The most common, and effective, form of screening, the colonoscopy, uses a camera to investigate the colon and also can be used to take a biopsy of a polyp to test it for cancer.

A colonoscopy is the most common treatment of polyps adenomatous.  The colonoscopy allows the doctor to enter the body through the rectum and be sure that they are able to remove all polyps from the intestinal wall.  Three days or so prior to the colonoscopy a patient is usually confined to clear, low fiber liquids such as sports drinks, apple juice and water.  The day before the procedure the patient frequently is given a laxative to be taken with large quantities of fluids to reach a whole bowel irrigation.  The patient does not take aspiring for usually a week to ten days prior to the procedure.  The day before the procedure should be spent at home to clear the bowels comfortably.  Also, the procedure is done under “twilight anesthesia” rather than putting the patient all the way unconscious which allows for a quicker recovery time, usually around 30 to 60 minutes.

Colorectal cancer is something to be taken very seriously.  As adenomatous polyps are the most common cause, it is advised to seek advice from your doctor for the most effective methods of screening and preventi

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